Barn Owl (Tyto alba)
Description: The Barn Owl is a medium-sized raptor that is active at night. Raptors have strong grasping talons for killing prey, and a hooked upper beak for tearing meat.
The Barn Owl has a white heart-shaped face and white chest with small brown spots. The back is tawny, marked with black and white spots. Barn Owl have a long wingspan and are silent in flight.
The male and female have similar colors, but females are larger, darker, and more spotted than males. They are 32-40 cm (13-16 in) tall, which is smaller than the size of a Red-tailed Hawk. The wingspan is 100-125 cm (39-49 in) - about the armspan of a child.
Call: Call is a drawn-out, hissing scream.
Range / Habitat: The Barn Owl is one of the most widely distributed birds in the world. They are found on all continents except Antarctica. The Barn Owl occupies a wide range of habitats, including deserts, grasslands, forests, fields and urban areas.
In Washington, they are found around agricultural areas or basalt cliffs, as well as forest openings, wetlands, and other open spaces. In winter, they roost in conifer trees or barns.
Click the range map to learn more about the distribution of Barn Owls in Washington.
Diet: Barn Owls eat small mammals, especially rodents. They also eat birds, reptiles, and insects.
Nesting: Barn Owls build nests in hollow trees, cliff cavities, in buildings, and nest boxes.
They do not build a true nest, but much of the debris around the nest is formed into a depression. The female lays 2-11 eggs (usually about 5), and incubates them for 29-34 days.
The young start to fly at about 60 days. They return to the nest site at night for a few weeks after their first flight.
Behavior: The Barn Owl has excellent vision, and can easily find prey at night by sight. They also use their excellent hearing to locate small prey in the dark. Hunts at night, and can catch mice in complete darkness.
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Photos: Tim Knight