Species Code: AMMA
Metadata (Data about data or how the map was made)
Distribution and Habitat Requirements
The Long-toed salamander is widely distributed in British Columbia, Idaho, Oregon and Washington, but not in the driest parts of the Pacific Northwest (Nussbaum et al., 1983). It has also been found on Orcas, Whidbey, Fidalgo, Camano and Cypress Islands.
In steppe zones, the lizard is confined to wet areas and breeds in shallow pools. In forests, it is most commonly associated with open meadows or distrubed areas. In the coastal Western Hemlock, Silver Fir and Sitka Spruce zones, it tends to be restricted to isolated open areas that might have once supported west-side prairies or boggy meadows.
All steppe zones were core except Central Arid Steppe and Canyon Grasslands, which were marginal. All east-side forest zones, except the Interior Western Hemlock and Interior Redcedar, plus Mountain Hemlock, Olympic Douglas-fir, Puget Sound Douglas-fir, Woodland Prairie Mosaic, Cowlitz River and Willamette Valley were core. All west-side wet forest zones, plus the east-side Interior Western Hemlock and Interior Redcedar were marginal. Alpine/Parkland was marginal and the Lava Flow zones were excluded.
Lakes, marshes, rivers and riparian areas were good habitats in all zones. In core forest zones, low-density residential and parks, grasslands, shrubland tree savannas and open-canopy forest were considered suitable if available micro-habitats occurred.
The factor that most determines this species' occurrence in forest appears to be the presence of regular openings created either by the rugged terrain of high elevations or dryness. According to Nussbaum et al. (1983), it occurs in agriculture, but the records do not seem to support such use, thus agriculture was excluded.
Translated from the Washington Gap Analysis Amphibians and Reptiles Volume by Karen Dvornich
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