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Anna's Hummingbird (Calypte anna)

Species Code: CAAN

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Breeding Range Map
The green area shows the predicted habitats for breeding only.
© NatureMapping Program

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Predicted breeding range

= Core Habitat
= Marginal Habitat


Annas Hummingbird photo

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Breeding Range Map
The green area shows the predicted habitats for breeding only. The habitats were identified using 1991 satellite imagery, Breeding Bird Atlas (BBA), other datasets and experts throughout the state, as part of the Washington Gap Analysis Project. Habitats used during non-breeding months and migratory rest-stops were not mapped.

NatureMapping observations map   Map with Breeding Bird Atlas records
Observations | Historic GAP points

This species was locally an uncommon breeder in shrubby vegetation in city parks, gardens, and residential areas at low elevations in western Washington. They were also uncommon in riparian or residential/garden habitats near Lyle in Klickitat County. They were, however, very common in similar habitats elsewhere.

The Puget Sound Douglas-fir zone was the core area of use. Good habitats were all city parks, gardens, and low/medium density residential areas where breeding is likely. Also, peripheral and very local areas were in eastern Washington near Lyle, where good habitats were riparian areas and low/medium density development.

Anna's Hummingbird is a recent addition to the breeding avifauna of Washington. The first record of the species in Washington is from Seattle in 1964, and the first breeding record is from Tacoma in 1976. The birds now breed in residential areas in Bellingham and in the populated region from Edmonds to Tacoma. Scattered west-side records elsewhere may represent dispersing or immigrating birds. East-side records are scarcer. Summer birds in the Wenatchee valley were recorded in 1989, and may eventually represent a sustainable breeding population. The increasing popularity of hummingbird feeders and of urban plantings that provide flowers in blossom year-round are the major reasons for the range expansion of Anna's Hummingbird northward into Washington.

Translated from the Washington Gap Analysis Bird Volume by Uchenna Bright
Text edited by Gussie Litwer
Map by Dave Lester