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GAP Analysis Predicted Distribution Map

Black-billed Magpie (Pica pica)

Species Code: PIPI

Click to enlarge Range map

= Core Habitat
= Marginal Habitat

Breeding Range Map
The green area shows the predicted habitats for breeding only. The habitats were identified using 1991 satellite imagery, Breeding Bird Atlas (BBA), other datasets and experts throughout the state, as part of the Washington Gap Analysis Project. Habitats used during non-breeding months and migratory rest-stops were not mapped.

Metadata (Data about data or how the map was made)

Click to enlarge distribution map

Map with Breeding Bird Atlas records

Other maps & Information:
  • Breeding Bird Atlas
  • NatureMapping observations
    during breeding season
  • NatureMapping observations
    throughout the year

This species is common throughout eastern Washington lowlands in most habitats. It nests primarily in wetlands with willow trees; it also utilizes trees around farms and in other sites. The Magpie forages throughout eastern Washington in farmlands, steppe, wetlands, cities, residential areas, and orchards. Generally it is not found above the lower treeline, except in northeastern river valleys, where it occurs in agricultural areas and cities.

Core zones were all steppe, Oak, and Ponderosa Pine zones, plus fragments of the Interior Douglas-fir zone within the Columbia Basin region. Steppe zones and in forest zones within the Columbia Basin region were all high density development. In the Oak and Ponderosa Pine zones, low-to mid-density development, agriculture, wetlands, and forest openings and clearings were good.

Black-billed Magpies are a characteristic bird of eastern WashingtonÕs lowlands, but are rare in the forested regions of the state. Black-billed Magpies unknowingly contribute to the welfare of other east-side nesting species by building bulky nests. Abandoned nests are occupied by a host of other species, but especially benefit Long-eared Owls and SwainsonÕs Hawks.

Translated from the Washington Gap Analysis Bird Volume by Uchenna Bright
Text edited by Gussie Litwer
Webpage designed by Dave Lester