Home | About Us | How to Participate | Biodiversity Modules | Projects | Maps | News | Resources

GAP Analysis Predicted Distribution Map

Black-shouldered (White-tailed) Kite (Elanus leucurus)

Species Code: ELLE

Click to enlarge Range map

= Core Habitat
= Marginal Habitat

Breeding Range Map
The green area shows the predicted habitats for breeding only. The habitats were identified using 1991 satellite imagery, Breeding Bird Atlas (BBA), other datasets and experts throughout the state, as part of the Washington Gap Analysis Project. Habitats used during non-breeding months and migratory rest-stops were not mapped.

Metadata (Data about data or how the map was made)

Click to enlarge distribution map

Other maps & Information:
  • Breeding Bird Atlas
  • NatureMapping observations
    during breeding season
  • NatureMapping observations
    throughout the year

This species is a rare and local breeder in southwestern Washington in Pacific, Wahkiakum and possibly Lewis Counties, in farmland, open areas, and riparian habitat. They are not found in forested landscapes or small cuts.

Good habitats in the core areas of use included all farmland, undisturbed open areas (not clearcuts), and riparian habitat along rivers where breeding is known or likely, including the Willapa River, Hanford Creek, Chehalis River, and Skamokawa River.

White-tailed Kites are fairly new to Washington, as they were not recorded before 1953. In recent years, birds have been moving north from Oregon's coastal population to occupy suitable habitat in southwestern Washington. The first nest was found in 1988 at the Raymond Airport in Pacific County. Wandering birds have been recorded as far north as Anacortes. Repeated sightings in Lewis County indicate possible breeding, and we included those sites in our model. Other suitable areas where this species could breed include drainages of the Naselle River, Deep River, and Grays River.

Additional Notes

This bird occurs year-around along the west coast, south Texas coast and both Mexican coasts.

Translated from the Washington Gap Analysis Bird Volume by Uchenna Bright
Text edited by Gussie Litwer
Webpage designed by Dave Lester