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Species Code: STELCA
Breeding Range Map
Metadata (Data about data or how the map was made)Map with Breeding Bird Atlas records
This species was common in brushlands and dry open forests at lower elevations in eastern Washington; very local in western Washington along the upper Skagit River near Newhalem in Whatcom County.
In eastern Washington, all forested zones below the Subalpine Fir zone and steppe zones at the perimeter of the Columbia Basin were core areas of use. Good habitats in zones below Grand Fir were low-density residential areas in forested zones, open areas, wetlands, and conifer forest. Higher core areas of use were treated similarly except closed forests were excluded. Peripheral areas of use were in western Washington in the Western Hemlock zone along the upper Skagit River were good habitats were riparian areas and forest openings.
Nonbreeders and migrants are reported from above treeline and west of the Cascades, as well as in the Columbia Basin. Nests are often built on branches in pine trees. Though this species can breed up into the Subalpine Fir zone, the majority of breeders are found in the Ponderosa Pine zone where this species’ preferred habitat of dry, open forests occurs. In these habitats, the buzzy “zinging” sound of Calliope Hummingbirds is common as they display during the breeding season.
Translated from the Washington Gap Analysis Bird Volume by Uchenna Bright
Text edited by Gussie Litwer
Webpage designed by Dave Lester