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GAP Analysis Predicted Distribution Map

Cedar Waxwing (Bombycilla cedrorum)

Species Code: BOCE

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Breeding Range Map
The green area shows the predicted habitats for breeding only.
© NatureMapping Program

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Predicted breeding range

= Core Habitat
= Marginal Habitat


Cedar waxwing photo

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Breeding Range Map
The green area shows the predicted habitats for breeding only. The habitats were identified using 1991 satellite imagery, Breeding Bird Atlas (BBA), other datasets and experts throughout the state, as part of the Washington Gap Analysis Project. Habitats used during non-breeding months and migratory rest-stops were not mapped.

NatureMapping observations map   Map with Breeding 
Bird Atlas records
Observations | Historic Gap points

Metadata (Data about data or how the map was made)


The Cedar Waxwing is common and widespread throughout the lowlands in forested areas of Washington. Generally, it breeds below 1500 feet on the Olympic Peninsula and below 3000 feet east of Puget Sounds. In eastern Washington, this waxwing breeds throughout forested areas at lower elevations and down into riparian habitats in steppe zones.

Core zones were all those below the Silver Fir zone (west side) and below the Sub-alpine Fir zone (east side). Peripherally, the waxwings occur in the Silver Fir and Sub-alpine Fir zones, except in the Blue Mountains, where the Sub-alpine Fir zone was excluded. In core forest zones, all habitats were good, with the following exceptions: bare ground, estuarine mud flats, and high-density development (all excluded); and mid-density development (adequate). In steppe zones, only wetlands, forest patches, and low-density developments were good.

Cedar Waxwings inhabit a wide variety of habitats; they require small, generally deciduous trees for nesting and suitable foraging areas that supply berries and insects. This species is probably increasing in residential areas in stands of the introduced Russian Olive as nesting habitat. There are few records of nesting habitat from above 4000 feet, and most are below 3000 feet.

Translated from the Washington Gap Analysis Bird Volume by Uchenna Bright
Text edited by Gussie Litwer
Webpage designed by Dave Lester