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GAP Analysis Predicted Distribution Map

Cliff Swallow (Hirundo pyrrhonota)

Species Code: HIPY

Click to enlarge Range map

= Core Habitat
= Marginal Habitat

Breeding Range Map
The green area shows the predicted habitats for breeding only. The habitats were identified using 1991 satellite imagery, Breeding Bird Atlas (BBA), other datasets and experts throughout the state, as part of the Washington Gap Analysis Project. Habitats used during non-breeding months and migratory rest-stops were not mapped.

Metadata (Data about data or how the map was made)

Click to enlarge distribution map

Other maps & Information:
  • Breeding Bird Atlas
  • NatureMapping observations
    during breeding season
  • NatureMapping observations
    throughout the year

This species is common to abundant at lower and moderate elevations throughout Washington in a variety of habitats. It nests on cliffs or man-made concrete surfaces (bridges, dams, buildings, etc) and foraging over open areas (farms, wetlands, water, prairies, residential areas, clearcuts, etc).

Good habitat in core zones included all west-side habitats, except mid-seral and late-seral conifer forests, below the Silver Fir zone; and all east-side habitats below the Subalpine Fir zone.

This species occupies a wide range of habitats. “Natural” habitats include the vast basalt cliffs of major rivers and coulees in eastern Washington, and rocky cliff in western Washington. In addition to these "natural" sites, Cliff Swallows nest extensively on man-made structures (buildings, bridges, dams, etc.) The nest is a downward sloping funnel made of dried mud attached to a solid, usually vertical structure.

Translated from the Washington Gap Analysis Bird Volume by Uchenna Bright
Text edited by Gussie Litwer
Webpage designed by Dave Lester