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Species Code: SICU
Breeding Range Map
Metadata (Data about data or how the map was made)Map with Breeding Bird Atlas records
The Mountain Bluebird is common in open conifer forests, alpine parkland and meadows in the Cascade Mountains, Blue Mountains, and northeastern Washington. It also breeds locally in forest clearings at lower elevations in these areas, and below the lower treeline in steppe or agricultural areas where nest boxes are placed. This species is absent from the Olympic Mountains, and very local in western Washington away from Mount Rainier and Mount St. Helens.
Core zones were steppe zones at the edge of the Basin, Grand Fir in the Blue Mountains, and Ponderosa Pine, Oak, Interior Douglas-fir, Alpine/Parkland and Mountain Hemlock zones. Peripherally, it was found in Grand Fir outside of the Blue Mountains, Interior Redcedar, Interior Western Hemlock, and Silver Fir. Good habitats in steppe, core forest zones, and east-side peripheral zones were open forests and forest openings and clearings. Agriculture in forested zones was adequate. All habitats except bare ground were good in Alpine/Parkland. In the Silver fir zone, only openings and clearings were good.
Mountain Bluebirds occur primarily in open agricultural and shrub-steppe areas, at low elevations in open Ponderosa Pine forests, and at high elevations in alpine parkland. They require a place for a cavity nest adjacent to open areas suitable for foraging. Nesting boxes have allowed this species to utilize more habitats than previously available. In western Washington, this species has experienced a decline similar in scope and magnitude t o that of the Western Bluebird. The Mountain Bluebird is the only bluebird that nests in alpine parkland and high-elevation, open areas.
Translated from the Washington Gap Analysis Bird Volume by Uchenna Bright
Text edited by Gussie Litwer
Webpage designed by Dave Lester