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GAP Analysis Predicted Distribution Map

Rufous Hummingbird (Selasphorus rufus)

Species Code: SERUF

Click to enlarge Range map

= Core Habitat
= Marginal Habitat

Breeding Range Map
The green area shows the predicted habitats for breeding only. The habitats were identified using 1991 satellite imagery, Breeding Bird Atlas (BBA), other datasets and experts throughout the state, as part of the Washington Gap Analysis Project. Habitats used during non-breeding months and migratory rest-stops were not mapped.

Metadata (Data about data or how the map was made)

Click to enlarge distribution map

Other maps & Information:
  • Breeding Bird Atlas
  • NatureMapping observations
    during breeding season
  • NatureMapping observations
    throughout the year

This species is common to abundant in coniferous forests, clearcuts, burns, residential areas, and subalpine shrubby habitats (avalanche chutes, ski slopes, etc.). They are most common in western Washington, though they are found in suitable habitats in east Cascades, in northeastern Washington, and in the Blue Mountains. They are normally found above the lower part of the Ponderosa Pine zone. Breeding records from the Columbia Basin are usually in residential areas.

All zones above steppe and below the Permanent Ice/Snow zone were core areas of use. Peripheral areas of use were in steppe at the edges of the Basin. In all core zones, except the Ponderosa Pine and Oak zones, all habitats were good except high-density development, estuaries, bare ground, and sparse vegetation. In steppe, Ponderosa Pine, and Oak zones, good habitats were closed forest, wetlands, and residential areas.

In western Washington's damp forests, this species abounds in many habitat types. In eastern Washington, the drier nature of the forests limits is distribution to higher elevations and areas with more rainfall. Farther down in elevation, the Rufous Hummingbird may be about as common as the Calliope. Some experts consider the Rufous Hummingbird an “uncommon summer resident” in southeastern Washington. In the Blue Mountains, it is the least common hummingbird and is seen most frequently at higher elevations. In Washington, Breeding Bird Survey data show a significant decline of 4.5% per year from 1982 to 1991.

Translated from the Washington Gap Analysis Bird Volume by Uchenna Bright
Text edited by Gussie Litwer
Webpage designed by Dave Lester