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Species Code: PIER
Breeding Range Map
Metadata (Data about data or how the map was made)
The Spotted Towhee is common in shrubby habitats throughout lowland forested regions on both sides of the Cascade crest. It is also common in residential areas, clearcuts, and wetlands. In eastern Washington, it can be found most commonly in dry forests and fringes of riparian (along rivers and streams) at low elevations. Locally, it is common in wetlands below the lower treeline.
Core zones were those below Silver Fir (west side) and below and including Grand Fir (east side). The Interior Redcedar and Interior Western Hemlock zones were peripheral. All habitats were good with the following exceptions: bare ground, high-density development, estuarine (part of the river where its current is met by the tides) mud flats, mid-to-late seral conifer forests in the Sitka Spruce and Western Hemlock zone, steppe and agriculture in the steppe zones non-irrigated agriculture in the Oak and Ponderosa Pine zones, and conifer forests in the peripheral eastside zones (all excluded); also, mid-density development was adequate.
Translated from the Washington Gap Analysis Bird Volume by Uchenna Bright
Text edited by Gussie Litwer
Webpage designed by Dave Lester