Home | About Us | How to Participate | Biodiversity Modules | Projects | Maps | News | Resources

GAP Analysis Predicted Distribution Map

Spotted Towhee (Pipilo erythrophthalmus)

Species Code: PIER

Click to enlarge Range map

= Core Habitat
= Marginal Habitat

Breeding Range Map
The green area shows the predicted habitats for breeding only. The habitats were identified using 1991 satellite imagery, Breeding Bird Atlas (BBA), other datasets and experts throughout the state, as part of the Washington Gap Analysis Project. Habitats used during non-breeding months and migratory rest-stops were not mapped.

Metadata (Data about data or how the map was made)

Click to enlarge distribution map

Other maps & Information:
  • Breeding Bird Atlas
  • NatureMapping observations
    during breeding season
  • NatureMapping observations
    throughout the year

The Spotted Towhee is common in shrubby habitats throughout lowland forested regions on both sides of the Cascade crest. It is also common in residential areas, clearcuts, and wetlands. In eastern Washington, it can be found most commonly in dry forests and fringes of riparian (along rivers and streams) at low elevations. Locally, it is common in wetlands below the lower treeline.

Core zones were those below Silver Fir (west side) and below and including Grand Fir (east side). The Interior Redcedar and Interior Western Hemlock zones were peripheral. All habitats were good with the following exceptions: bare ground, high-density development, estuarine (part of the river where its current is met by the tides) mud flats, mid-to-late seral conifer forests in the Sitka Spruce and Western Hemlock zone, steppe and agriculture in the steppe zones non-irrigated agriculture in the Oak and Ponderosa Pine zones, and conifer forests in the peripheral eastside zones (all excluded); also, mid-density development was adequate.

Translated from the Washington Gap Analysis Bird Volume by Uchenna Bright
Text edited by Gussie Litwer
Webpage designed by Dave Lester