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Species Code: PITR
Breeding Range Map
Metadata (Data about data or how the map was made)Map with Breeding Bird Atlas records
This species is uncommon at high elevation conifer forests. They are generally found in closed-canopy dense forests, but will utilize open habitats and burns.
Interior Western Hemlock, Mountain Hemlock, Subalpine Fir, and Alpine/Parkland zones were core areas of use. Peripheral areas were in Silver Fir, Interior Redcedar, Grand Fir, and Interior Douglas-fir zones, where these zones are adjacent to higher core zones. Good habitats in the core areas of use were conifer forests and forest openings. Good habitats in the peripheral areas of use were conifer forests.
Washington breeders represent the western subspecies P. t. fasciatus. The Three-toed Woodpecker is underrepresented in atlas coverage (and probably skewered toward lower-elevation records from less suitable habitat), due to the remoteness of the high-elevation habitats this bird prefers. This boreal species rarely occurs below the Subalpine Fir zone, but has been recorded in adjacent lower zones in the eastern Cascades, including a confirmed nesting record from Colockum Pass (at ~ 5000 feet in Kittitas County), and in the Blue Mountains where it occasionally wanders down to Fields Spring State Park.
Translated from the Washington Gap Analysis Bird Volume by Uchenna Bright
Text edited by Gussie Litwer
Webpage designed by Dave Lester