Species Code: SCTO
Breeding Range Map
Occurs in a narrower range of habitats and altitudes than the Coast Mole. All specimens were from locations below 2000 feet except in the Olympic Mountains where all were either below 2000 or above 4500 feet in sub-alpine meadows. The high-elevation animals are a separate subspecies with no known contact down to the lowland subspecies. Townsend's Mole occurs mainly in meadows, lawns, gardens, and cultivated areas in lowlands and in flood plains. It occurs only spottily and uncommonly in coniferous forest and almost never in hardwood forest.
Core zones are low and mid-elevation forested zones west of the Cascade crest. In the Olympics, Silver Fir, Mountain Hemlock, and Sub-alpine Fir are excluded but Alpine/Parkland is core. Good habitats in all zones except Alpine/Parkland are low-density development, agriculture, fresh water/wetlands, and non-forested habitats. In the Alpine/Parkland of the Olympics, all non-forested (except sparse) and water/wetlands are good and conifer forests are adequate.
Translated from the Washington Gap Analysis Mammal Volume by Dave Lester
Webpage designed by Dave Lester